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7 Fascinating Facts About King Louis XIV

This unsatisfactory outcome led to the Franco-Dutch War He produced no children, however, and consequently had no direct heirs. I n , the devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV in , which had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots. Protestants would be prohibited from assembling and their marriages would be anulled. Baptism and education in the Catholic faith would be required of all children.

BBC - History - Historic Figures: Louis XIV ()

Roughly one million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers. Although emigration of Protestants was explicitly forbidden by the Edict, scores of people—estimates range from , to , - fled in the decades that followed, settling in England, Switzerland, Germany and the American colonies, among other places.

His five-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.

Under pressure from the English, Swedish and especially the Dutch, France retreated and returned the region to Spain, gaining only some frontier towns in Flanders. The ensuing war, fought on both hemispheres, lasted from to ; France emerged with most of its territory intact but its resources severely strained. The long conflict plunged a famine-ridden France into massive debt, turning public opinion against the crown. In , the devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV in , which had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots.

With the Edict of Fontainebleau, Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy.

The Sun King ( ملک خورشید ) by Ali Akbar Sadeghi

Protestants would be barred from assembling and their marriages would be deemed invalid. Baptism and education in the Catholic faith would be required of all children. Roughly 1 million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers.

Early life and marriage

Although emigration of Protestants was explicitly forbidden by the Edict of Fontainebleau, scores of people—estimates range from , to ,—fled in the decades that followed, settling in England, Switzerland, Germany and the American colonies, among other places. His reign had lasted 72 years, longer than that of any other known European monarch, and left an indelible mark on the culture, history and destiny of France.

His 5-year-old great-grandson succeeded him as Louis XV.

Battle of Britain

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  1. Codes, Systems, and Graphical Models.
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By closing this banner, scrolling this page or clicking any element whatsoever on this page you consent to the use of cookies. He became king when he was five.

The Moment the King Became a Man

Forced into a marriage of convenience with the daughter of the King of Spain, Louis had a turbulent personal life. To consolidate power, he marginalized the French nobility, making them little more than court bystanders.


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